Cities of art and spirituality
Senigallia and Corinaldo
Since the prehistoric era the Misa Valley constituted a communication channel connecting the Adriatic coastline to the Tyrrhenian one through the Apennine canyons. The first archaeological evidences date back to the Paleolithic, but the valley got its relevant strategic-economical importance in the first half of the IV century with the arrival of the Celts, who sent the Umbriana away from these territories. According to an ancient traditions, these same Senones imposed the name to the city of Senigallia and to this center, rising on a lagoon, making it the main city of the Gallic-Senones area, that stretched out from Rimini to the Esino river. The only affluent of the Misa is the Nevola river, on whose left bank rises the hamlet of Corinaldo. From a urban medieval and renaissance structure, located on the inland’s hills, Corinaldo is rich in historical memories and monuments. Defended by entire city walls dating 1367, among the best conserved and most spectacular of the Marche, the hamlet has a typically medieval old town center composed by a succession of narrow alleys and clay-brick homes. The most characteristic glimpse is the Piaggia, also called the Hundred Steps, climbing up straight until Piazza del Terreno, on the top of the hill. Among the numerous and important architecural monuments of Corinaldo, stand out the XVII-XVIII century churches, such as the Santa Maria Goretti Sanctuary - which keeps a relics of the local saint - the church del Suffragio and the baroque church dell’Addolorata. Of same importance are the Townhall, re-built in the second half of XVIII century and the fine Building of the former Monastery of the Augustinians Fathers, where is located the Civic Art Collection “Claudio Ridolfi”. The museum includes a Ridolfi’s paintings collection and works of other XVI-XVIII century Marche’s painting personalities. Of particular interest is also the room of Customs and people’s Traditions, containing duplicates of 1500s dresses used in the historical reenactment of the “Contesa del Pozzo della Polenta” (Contest of the Cornmeal Mush’s Well).
Mainly renowned for its 13 km of “velvet beach”, Senigallia is one of the most important Marche’s seaside resorts thanks to its cultural and environmental heritage.
Monument symbol of the city is the famous Rocca Roveresca, stunning example of military architecture free from posterior superstructures, which was build from 1480 following Baccio Pontelli’s design. In front of the Rocca there are the Duke’s Square with the elegant lions’ fountain and the Duke’s Building, once residence of the dukes of Urbino. The building, disfigured and beheaded of one floor from the world wars, preserves on the piano nobile an opulent Zuccari’s panelled-ceiling. Not far from the square rises the Foro Annonario, majestic neoclassical building designed in 1831 by Ghinelli, surrounded by a 30 cotto doric pillars’ arcade. The beautiful attic rooms are the seat of the Civic Library “Antonelliana” plenty of many fine works. As a city of arts, Senigallia holds many surprises and its visitors can see the unique artistic evidences left by the Della Rovere. An example is the Baviera Building, admirable for the magnificent stuccos dated 1590 and the church of San Martino finished in 1740 and preserving important paintings such as: “Virgin with child” by Guercino, “Virgin with saints” by Nicola Bertuzzi and canvases of Palma the Young. The turistic offer is enriched by events and happenings organized during the whole summer: from the classic fireworks’ shows on the sea, to the folkloristic fair of Sant’Agostino, to the famous 40s-50s Summer Jamboree festival.