Cities of art and faith

Senigallia and Corinaldo

Since prehistoric times, the Misa valley has represented a communication channel that linked the Adriatic coastal area with the Tyrrhenian one through the Apennine gorges. The first archaeological evidence dates back to the Paleolithic, but the valley took on a relevant strategic-economic importance in the first half of the 4th century thanks to the arrival of the Celtic populations, who banished the Umbrians from these territories. According to an ancient tradition, these same Gauls, members of the Senones tribe, named the city “Senigallia”; they also made this town, which stood on a lagoon area, the capital of the Gallic-Senonic territory, which extended from Rimini to the Esino River. The only real tributary of the Misa River is the Nevola, on whose left shore stands the town of Corinaldo. With a medieval and Renaissance urban layout, located among the hills of the hinterland, Corinaldo is a town rich in historical traits and monuments. Defended by an intact city wall dating back to 1367, among the best preserved and most spectacular in the Marche region, the city boasts a historic center with a typically medieval style, formed by a sequence of narrow streets and brick houses. The most characteristic viewpoint is the Piaggia, also called the Cento Scale, that goes straight up to Piazza del Terreno, located on the top of the hill.

Among the numerous and important architectural monuments of Corinaldo, three 17th-18th century churches stand out: the Sanctuary of Santa Maria Goretti - which preserves the remains of the Corinaldo saint -, the Church - of Suffragio and the baroque church of Addolorata. Of equal importance are the Town Hall, rebuilt in the second half of the 18th century, and the Palace of the former Convent of the Augustinian Fathers, where the Claudio Ridolfi Civic Art Collection is located. The museum includes a collection of paintings by Ridolfi and other protagonists of the Marche painting area of the 16th-18th century; inside, we can also find the “room of popular costume and traditions”, which displays some reproductions of the 16th century clothes that are currently used in the re-enactment of the "Contesa del Pozzo della Polenta". Mainly known for its 13 kilometers-long "velvet beach", Senigallia is one of the most important seaside resorts in the Marche, also due to its cultural and naturalistic heritage. The city's symbolic monument is the famous Rocca Roveresca, a beautiful example of military architecture and free from later superstructures. Its building started in 1480, based upon a project made by Baccio Pontelli. In front of the Rocca there’s Piazza del Duca with its elegant fountain of lions, and Palazzo del Duca, former residence of the Dukes of Urbino. The building, disfigured and deprived of one floor by the world wars, still retains a rich coffered ceiling made by Zuccari on the main floor. Not far from the square stands the Foro Annonario, an imposing neoclassical construction designed in 1831 by Ghinelli and surrounded by a portico of 30 Doric terracotta columns. The adjoining Antonelliana Municipal Library is located in the majestic rooms of the attic, full of many fine works. As an art city, Senigallia holds many surprises: those who visit the city can see that the Della Rovere family has left behind unique artistic marks. An example is Palazzetto Baviera, to be admired for its splendid stuccoes from 1590, and the church of San Martino completed in 1740, which houses important paintings, such as: "Madonna with Child" and "Sant'Anna" by Guercino, "Madonna and Saints” by Nicola Bertuzzi, and some canvases by Palma il Giovane. The tourist package is enhanced by events and cultural exhibitions, organized throughout the summer: from the classic fireworks shows on the sea, to the folkloristic Sant'Agostino fair, up to the famous 40s-50s festival of the Summer Jamboree.

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